Tălmaciu (Tolmesch Saxon dialect, German Talmesch, Tolmisch, Gross Talmatsch, Nagy-Hungarian Talmacsi Nagytalmács, Talmacsi) is a city in the county of Sibiu, Transylvania, România.Oraşul, with a population of 6905 inhabitants, is located at a distance of 18 km from Sibiu, in the direction forthe national road 7 and the railway line linking Transylvania Oltenia. The city is crossed by the river Cibin and Sadu River - tributaries of the Olt.
Transylvania is undoubtedly the most romantic Romanian province. Its name is associated with the image of small wooden churches, legendary castles and memories of a troubled past. On a hill, Bran Castle and its impressive silhouette reminds us of the legendary Dracula.
Where is Transylvania? The answer is, in central Romania, surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains. In this region, the main character of rural culture is the shepherd, for he is the one preserving the ancient traditions.
If the traveller starts his journey to Transylvania from the southern part of the country, he must follow the banks of river Olt, through the Carpathian gorge dug by its deep waters. Once he reaches Turnu Rosu, he encounters a large, fan-like opening in his path, split in two, and united by the foot of mountain. Here, on both sides of the river, there are two villages full of history, one to the east - Turnu Rosu – and another one to the west - Boiţa - heralding the entry into the vast enclosure of Transylvania.
From Turnu Rosu, on the left side of the river, just under Făgăraș Mountains, begins the Land of Făgăraș, once a Wallachian duchy, and on the right, at the foothills of Lotru and Cindrelului Mountains there is another ancient settlement, once known as the Country of Amlas, another Wallachian duchy .
Here, just a few kilometers from Turnu Roșu Pass, the town of Tălmaciu is located, famous in the area for both its historical past and current economic potential.
The settlement near the Olt Valley marked its history. The locality, the painting (Stenarum Caput), the Romans built a strong fort guarding the exit of the gorge road that led to Cedonia Alutan, Ocna Sibiu and Apulum. Also to dominate the gorge, Hungarian kings built the city Landeskrone (German Crown land) on the hill west of the village, near the road Sibiu - Ramnicu Valcea.